Heart attacks and cardiac arrests are very common in India. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), heart disease is the leading cause of death in India, accounting for 27% of all deaths. There are a number of factors that contribute to the high rates of heart attacks and cardiac arrests in India, including Genetics, Lifestyle, Age, Gender, chronic diseases like Diabetes, High blood pressure, High cholesterol, Obesity, etc.
A heart attack and cardiac arrest are both serious medical emergencies, but they are not the same thing. A heart attack occurs when the blood supply to the heart is blocked, which can damage or destroy heart tissue. Cardiac arrest happens when the heart stops beating.
A heart attack is a circulation problem. When a coronary artery becomes blocked, it can reduce or cut off the blood supply to the heart muscle. This can cause the heart muscle to become damaged or die. The most common symptom of a heart attack is chest pain or discomfort. However, not everyone with a heart attack experiences chest pain. Other symptoms can include:
- Shortness of breath
- Nausea or vomiting
- Lightheadedness or dizziness
- Cardiac arrest
Cardiac arrest is an electrical problem. When the heart’s electrical system malfunctions, it can cause the heart to stop beating. This means that the heart can no longer pump blood to the body. The most common symptom of cardiac arrest is sudden loss of consciousness. Other symptoms can include:
- No pulse
- No breathing
- Bluish skin
What is worse: heart attack or cardiac arrest?
Both are equally dangerous but cardiac arrest is more prone to fatality. The right treatment at the right time is very important.
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