Sugar – The bitter-sweet truth

Health and nutrition experts say diabetes in India is at pandemic levels and every fifth of the world’s diabetes is Indian. A diabetes explosion could become a scary reality very soon by 2025, the numbers are going to hit the 70 million mark. In the 1970s, only 2.1% of the urban population was affected by this disease. Now it is around 15%.

Types of Diabetes

Type1 Diabetes- Type 1 diabetes, which used to be called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic disease. As a result, the pancreas doesn’t produce sufficien insulin. Insulin is a hormone that the body uses to allow sugar (glucose) into cells to generate energy. Type 1 diabetes is commonly found in children and young adults.

Type2 Diabetes- Type 2 diabetes has two main issues. The pancreas fails to produce enough insulin to regulate the movement of sugar in cells. And the cells react poorly to insulin and use less sugar. Type 2 diabetes is typically diagnosed among adults.

Blood sugar level in Diabetics-

Fasting blood sugar >126 mg/dl

Glucose tolerance test >200mg/dl

HB1AC > 6.5%

Artificial sweetener or jaggery – which is safe?

Artificial sweeteners are becoming increasingly popular as a way to help people with diabetes manage their blood glucose levels. These sweeteners are designed to be safe and effective for people with diabetes, providing them with a way to enjoy sweet foods without the risk of high blood sugar levels. They can help in reducing cravings for sugary foods and may even help people maintain healthy weight goals. However, while artificial sweeteners can actually limit calories, most of them do not have any beneficial effect on the control of diabetes mellitus; on the contrary, perhaps increase its risk. Furthermore, there may be other safety concerns, including cancer risk. The consumption of jaggery is also not recommended for diabetics. Even generally, diabetic patients must eliminate sweet foods and desserts to avoid other health hazards. It’s important to remember that diabetes is not a sweet relationship – it requires careful management and regular monitoring in order to prevent long-term health problems.

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